About Gall Bladder Surgery

Gall bladder surgery is performed to get relief from the pain due to the gall stones that are formed in the gall bladder. Although it is possible to remove the stones alone, it is found that the gall bladder is not an essential organ and hence it is usually removed. If left, there is chance for the gall stones to form again. Hence it is removed. The purpose of the gall bladder is to release bile to the intestine to enable smooth functioning of the intestine in digesting.

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Gall bladder surgery is of two kinds. One is the traditional surgery and the other is the laproscopic surgery. The traditional surgery requires a big incision in the abdomen which is usually 9 to 18 cm long. There is lot of pain in this type of surgery. More bleeding is also possible. In the laproscopic surgery four small incisions are made to perform the surgery. The surgical instruments are inserted through these small incisions and the task that is done during the operation is seen in a computer monitor.

Images of the internal organs are transmitted to the monitor using the minute camera that is attached to the laproscope that is inserted in the abdomen. The pain in this laproscopic surgery is minimal. Hence more and more people around the world go for laproscopic surgery. The scars formed as a result of surgery is also minimal in the case of laproscopic surgery. As with any surgery the patient is given anesthesia before surgery. One of the drawbacks of the laproscopic surgery is the possible damage to the duct or the intestines due to the insertion of the surgical instruments in the abdomen.

After surgery redness and swelling can be found in the incision sites. Some people have nausea and vomiting after surgery. It will take some time for them to adapt to the foods that are taken. Usually high fat foods are avoided after the surgery to reduce the load to the digestive system. Constipation and in some cases diarrhea are common after surgery. In case of constipation high fiber contents are recommended and drugs like cholestyramine are used to treat diarrhea. It is always better to consult your doctor and have regular follow ups to avoid any complication as a result of the gall bladder surgery.

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