What is Gall bladder surgery

Gallbladder is an organ that is located below the liver. This organ helps in digestion by storing the bile produced by the liver and using the bile whenever needed.

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When a chemical imbalance occurs in the gallbladder the bile that is stored in the gall bladder becomes a solid and stones are formed.

The stones that are formed in the gall bladder vary in size. These stones that are formed in the gall bladder blocks the bile produced and pain arises. This arises to the removal of the stones or sometime the gall bladder itself.

The gall bladder surgery involves the removal of the stones or the gall bladder itself. Gall bladder surgery is one of the most frequently done operations in the USA.Since the gall bladder is not an essential organ in the body the gall bladder surgery is performed widely in the world.

If a gall bladder is affected then it is better to remove the gall bladder through gall bladder surgery.You may experience more pain if the infected gall bladder is not removed. In some cases if left unattended it may also become life threatening.

The gall bladder can be removed by two methods that are widely used. A conventional gall bladder surgery or a laparoscopic surgery is followed. The type of gall bladder surgery that is performed on a person depends on the person's condition.

The doctor will suggest the type of operation that can be performed on you. The conventional surgery involves an incision on the abdomen and a few days of hospitalization.

Since the incision is bigger in the conventional gall bladder surgery many people opt for a laparoscopic surgery. Moreover the pain in the conventional method is higher than the laparoscopic method of gall bladder surgery. Laparoscopic surgery involves many small incisions (four usually).

The patient has to be prepared for the surgery. Mostly they will be asked to avoid drinking or having any food on the date before the surgery after midnight.

Anesthesia is given to the patient before surgery. For some patients nausea is common if they are given anesthesia before gall bladder surgery, hence some drugs are given to prevent it.

The abdomen area is shaved well before surgery. Usually the operation takes about an hour. For some people laparoscopic surgery may not be suitable and they will be recommended the conventional surgery.

Antibiotics are administered to the patient to prevent any infections and blood clots. Special diets are prescribed for patients who have undergone gall bladder surgery.
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